Will Solana NFTrees save the rainforests?

Will Solana NFTrees save the rainforests?

Paraguay’s untouched rainforest can cost as little as $300 for one hectare. Buying it will protect it from being bulldozed, cut down, and used for cattle ranching. With today’s technology, this land can become available to anyone, regardless of where you live. 

GainForest, a decentralised fund that uses artificial intelligence, has partnered up with Paraguay’s Ministery for Environment to protect thousands of hectares of forest within Paraguay’s Gran Chaco Americano. This area is one of the main carbon sinks and most at risk from climate change.

Blockchain saves the planet

Many voices blamed blockchain for its negative environmental effects. However, not all blockchains are created equal. The blockchain and cryptocurrency industries can be a major player in renewable energy, and help drive sustainable, objective change. It has inherent technological advantages that can outperform traditional companies in their efforts to combat climate change.

For instance, GainForest’s goal is to raise cryptocurrency donations in order to buy the forest from landowners, expand national parks, and thus prevent deforestation. GainForest combines blockchain-based smart contract technology with satellite imagery, drone photography, and data science. It has grown steadily since winning the Hack4Climate contest at United Nations COP 23 in 2017.

According to David Dao, GainForest’s co-founder, GainForest is now the first government-backed green cryptocurrency project. He said that the initial results would be presented at UN COP27 Egypt.

How to use crypto for good causes

The alarming rate at which deforestation is occurring around the world is well-known to most people. The annual loss of rainforests absorbs nearly the same amount of carbon as the annual emissions from large industrialized nations like the U.S. and China.

Dao said that the cost of stopping deforestation is still “insanely low”, especially in Paraguay, where land was purchased for as low as $20 per hectare in the 1980s.

According to GainForest’s co-founder, David Dao, a hectare of virgin forest land costs between $300 and $500. The upfront cost for landowners to construct infrastructure is $1,000 per hectare. The goal is to try to reach them before they make the decision to build a cattle ranch. Hopefully, the landowners will understand that this $1,000 investment is not worth it and that Paraguay can do more.

Dao and his associates, who have backgrounds in artificial intelligence, use the Solana blockchain for crypto donations. The Solana blockchain is a proof-of-stake network and it was chosen because of its low-carbon footprint. 

These crypto donations are tied to high-accuracy drone and satellite data that charts areas of forest. The Filecoin Green project allows for decentralized data storage. Donors receive data drops and wildlife camera photos. They can also be connected to native tribes using non-fungible tokens (NFTs), which in this case are referred to as Solana NFTrees.

The algorithmic mapping of each forest project’s activities removes any uncertainty that comes with traditional carbon offset. This involves planting trees, but leaves those who give only guessing about the impact of their green investment.

Money can solve the issue of deforestation 

GainForest cannot buy land. However, there can be found some workarounds. For instance, David Dao suggested that GainForest could create a legal contract so the landowner gets paid periodically provided they don’t deforest. He pointed out that there are several studies that estimate that a global deforestation stoppage could be achieved by paying out between $1 to $2 billion annually.

According to GainForest, deforestation could be stopped in two years, if there is enough money. People need financial sustainability opportunities to make forest conservation economically viable. This could reduce the global temperature by up to 0.2 Celsius degrees. It would also allow our society to find the right way to decarbonize the planet. That could be a valuable time for our mother Earth.

The convergence of the VR and Blockchain technologies

The convergence of the VR and Blockchain technologies

Convergence is becoming a very common term in the technology sphere. It means merging technologies into a new form that combines their media and applications. Embedding your devices with technology improves their functionality.

Even though the article only covers the two, VR and Blockchain are not the only technologies that have been combined to improve our lives the list is endless and the applications are numerous.

Understanding VR and Blockchain

VR stands for Virtual Reality, and it is a technology that simulates an experience that is similar or different from the real world. some of the common applications of VR include entertainment, communication, and education.  

While Blockchain is a digital ledger technology that enables the permanent storage of transactions online within a decentralized atmosphere. Blockchain also has several applications which include smart contracts, securities, record keeping, cryptocurrency, and gaming.

VR and Blockchain in online retailing

As we have it, VR and AR are already enabling in-store virtual tours, with a little innovation we will be able to conduct virtual shopping.

Just imagine, sitting on your sofa and wearing your VR goggles and then the next thing you know you are walking into a store and browsing through the virtual representations of the merchandise.

Imagine being able to even try out the outfits in the fashion section because you have already uploaded a full body scan of yourself, and the avatar is your virtual replica.

 Blockchain, on the other hand, enables cryptocurrency payments which are borderless thus making it very compatible with the global VR retail environment. Cryptocurrencies will enable small ventures to take products directly to their customers thus reducing the costs involved.

Developers are currently working on an application that merges these two technologies. their convergence will make it possible for small businesses to trade globally. Not to mention the participants will be able to enjoy some interesting benefits which include lower costs, disintermediating of banks. Traders will no longer need to use credit cards which charge transaction fees and create waiting periods for merchants to receive their money.

VR applications are unlimited and once converged with Blockchain they could spider out across the globe.

Australia Published Blockchain Roadmap

Australia Published Blockchain Roadmap

Australia is serious about implementing blockchain into its daily operations. The Blockchain Roadmap has been published to guide Australia’s productivity in all industries.

Australia is keen to use blockchain in its future developments

Australia’s government announced the development of a National Blockchain Roadmap over one year ago, and spent over 100,000 AUD on it. Today, the roadmap is ready and will be utilized to help develop the usage of blockchain in all its industries.

According to Karen Andrews, the Miniter of Industry, Science and Technology, the government worked with various researchers to complete the blockchain roadmap.

The minister is a strong believer of the beneficial results of incorporating blockchain in bost public and private sectors, which will lead to a significant increase in jobs:

“Blockchain technology offers great potential to save money, initiate new business and export opportunities, boost economic growth, and create new jobs. Governments and private industries all stand to benefit from embracing this technology.

Employment opportunities in blockchain are growing substantially, with rapid growth in job advertisements since 2016.”

The blockchain roadmap includes all the essential sectors, not just the financial industry. The roadmap mentions education, transportation and the agricultural sectors.

The minister believes that Australia can become a leader in the new digital era after it will combine the blockchain’s roadmap with the already published one for Artificial Intelligence.

The potential risks of adopting the blockchain technology for mass usage

The government is also paying attention to the potential threats of implementing blockchain on a mass scale. For the blockchain roadmap to successfully work, it needs to be mentioned in a regulatory framework.

A major challenge of such massive use of blockchain is to maintain trust, the data integrity and security. Balancing privacy and transparency is a challenge.

The Australian government decided to spend 350,000 AUD more and work with Standards Australia, which will develop a regulatory framework which will guarantee the blockchain’s integrity, using the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).

Australia is recognizing the efforts other countries are making to develop the blockchain technology and is willing to cooperate with the UK, China and Singapore to remain a leading country in this blockchain era.

Blockchain’s scalability issue can soon be overcome

Blockchain’s scalability issue can soon be overcome

After millions have been spent to find a solution for the scalability issue of the decentralized blockchain, a solution appeared in sight.

A former lead researcher at Microsoft, Jia Ping Wang, created the Asensys protocol and recently presented his solution for a scalable blockchain.

The Asensys protocol was designed specifically to test the concept Wang proposed, and it showed a greater capacity than the main blockchains during the tests. How?

According to Wang:

“Asensys is able to essentially ‘divide and conquer’ all network actions, thereby reducing unnecessary redundancy,”

The blockchain scalability trilemma

Vitalik Buterin, the creator of Ethereum, came up with the concept of the scalability trilemma.

He says it’s easy to have a blockchain with only two key attributes, out of the three needed: security, decentralization and scalability. The ‘trilemma’ is to have all three at the same time, but usually, you have to give one up to make a network scale.

As District0x presented the issue:

“…if Ethereum nodes become too expensive to run, the network will be more susceptible to centralization. At the same time, requiring each transaction to be processed by every node will make it so Ethereum never scales.” 

Trying to overcome this problem, some Ethereum developers have tried to apply the sharding method, which essentially lets the network’s nodes process only parts of the transaction.

On the other hand, Bitcoin developers have exploited other solutions. such as Lightning, which doesn’t get the network clogged up with small transactions and allows them to be processed off-chain. Some believed this to not be a secure solution.

So what’s the big news from Asensys?

Supposably, Asesnsys has solved the trilemma, and it doesn’t go off-chain.

Wang started describing his method in the conference paper “Monoxide: Scale out blockchains with asynchronous consensus zones,”.

In his paper, Wang proposed to remove duplicating efforts on the blockchain and spreading the workload asynchronously.

On top of the increased capabilities of the network, “the Asensys protocol increases proportionately to the community size,” according to a press release.

We are still waiting to hear more about this solution, as it is in its early days and few details were revealed to the media.

The latest 5 blockchain technology trends in 2020

The latest 5 blockchain technology trends in 2020

The Bitcoin and crypto hype of 2017 has worn off, but companies have continued to invest in research and development for the past years. And that’s not going to change in 2020. Here are 5 blockchain technology trends to look after in 2020.

According to analysts, blockchain ranks as one of the top 10 technology trends in 2020.

Even if the enthusiasts have become calmer, don’t fall to believe that blockchain is going away. Because the exact opposite is true. The blockchain technology is just in its infancy, and only a few companies have been able to successfully use it for their digital operations.

Blockchain’s future is tightly connected with the future of AI and IoT.

Here are some blockchain trends for 2020.

Other industries will follow the to implement blockchain

The blockchain technology became famous once Bitcoin started to gain popularity, and that’s why the finance sector was the first one to use this innovative technology.

But blockchain isn’t limited to digital currencies. The number of uses cases and examples grows with every month, as companies and developers become more open-minded. The blockchain technology can be incorporated into systems to stop frauds, as a settlement system, for the smart contract feature and of course, to increase the speed of digital transactions.

IBM, the company that helped launched more successful blockchain initiatives than any other company, believes that the investment of financial services in blockchain will increase in 2020.

Blockchain has immense value for services and industry that require secure ledger or transactions and need to keep track of everything. This includes agricultural products and luxury goods.

Facebook plans to bank the unbanked

For the past year, Facebook has been talking about how it will revolutionize the financial world, all over the world.

The launch of Libra is supposed to be in 2020, but many details are still unrevealed.

Since the creation of Bitcoin in 2009, many altcoins have been launched and many of those have sunk before anyone ever knew about them. But the world has yet to see a giant such as Facebook, launching its own crypto. This is something nobody has seen before and it can change the financial world as we know it.

The topic is controversial, as both Mastercard and Visa announced their withdrawal from the project due to regulatory concerns.

Libra, the cryptocurrency promised by Facebook, is technically a cryptocurrency, but its processing mechanism was described differently than the one Bitcoin has. It will rely on computer encryption to guarantee the integrity of the network, but the network will be centralized, as opposed to the distributed system used by all the other cryptocurrencies.

Even so, if Facebook makes its promise a reality, it will finally succeed in disrupting the current global monetary system.

The blockchain technology and its integration with AI continues

Artificial Intelligence (AI) can be difficult to understand, due to the large volume of data that determines its decisions.

Some believe that the blockchain technology can be the solution to that, as it would make the decisions traceable and would allow humans to verify that the decisions were made based on verifiable information.

The two technologies can even help each other. The blockchain improves the use of the AI and the AI can make the blockchain more secure and easier to operate.

Using these two powerful technologies, companies can reduce waste in production, streamline supply chains, make predictions more accurately. It is likely to see the first cloud service providers that combine AI and blockchain in 2020.

Blockchain can be used to secure the Internet of Things

People are using and connecting more and more devices in their personal and business lives to process data, which can lead to more opportunities to corrupt that data if it would fall into the wrong hands. Or information can be simply misplaced.

Because more and more information is transferred machine-to-machine, a trustworthy and secure environment is necessary.

Luckily, blockchain technology can be used to get the current best solution known to man. All transactions and pieces of information are transparently recorded to all parties. This makes debugging, a much simpler task to understand where the error occurred and what caused the problem.

Studies have shown that the companies that have adopted IoT are planning to also implement blockchain in 2020 if they haven’t done so already.

Governments are pro blockchain

Wyoming is the first state in the US to adopt a framework that allows blockchain to flourish.

As the first cryptocurrencies appeared, the transfer of valuable assets became possible for the first time, for anyone in the world. This raised attention by the central banks, who were concerned by the obvious potential of money laundering and illegal activities.

To this day, these concerns have kept cryptocurrencies from mass adoption and why the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) consistently rejected applications for public cryptocurrency banks.

The decision of the Wyoming legislators doesn’t change that. But with their decision, they made public their belief that regulation should be an enabler and not a blocker of technology.

We hope to see more states and countries from all around the world to follow their examples in 2020.

Blockchain, on top of demanded skills in 2020

Blockchain, on top of demanded skills in 2020

Blockchain is the most desirable hard skill in 2020, according to LinkedIn Learning, the education portal of the famous professional network.

After blockchain, cloud computing falls closely, in the second place, on the skill scale.

Thi skill listing is updated annually and it places the skills in demand by companies.

The in-demand hard abilities are chosen out of LinkedIn’s trending job listings.

In 2019, blockchain wasn’t on the listing at all, while cloud computing and artificial intelligence were the most sought after skills from the LinkedIn listing.

The blockchain technology started to gain popularity at the beginning of 2009, promoted by cryptocurrencies, and it eventually evolved into a way to validate and authorise data, due to its secure distributed ledger.

Due to the current shortage of blockchain professionals to serve this emerging industry, LinkedIn urges its readers to start studying the essentials of blockchain engineering.

It’s unclear why blockchain has suddenly been listed on top of the list of most wanted skills by a company, but it might be a sign that the distributed ledger technology is finally shaking off the stigma surrounding it (given by the crypto sector) and moving into mainstream business processes.

The lack of blockchain professionals

Coin Rivet reported in 2018, a 2000% increase in the demand of blockchain experts, based on the UpWork.com freelancer market. The salaries for blockchain professionals ranged from $36,000 to over $200,000 at that time.

During the last year, a significant number of current pioneer companies created blockchain-based products or solutions, legitimising the blockchain’s reputation.

One such example is the partnership between the global remittance supplier, MoneyGram, who has been operating together with Ripple to start new cross-border payment gateways using blockchain.

Another example is Samsung, which has partnered with Syniverse to allow blockchain-powered cellular payments, revealing that the blockchain innovation is a global event.

On top of all these international projects, the Central Bank Digital Currencies(CBDCs) is focusing on increasing blockchain’s demand and legitimacy. This is becoming a priority for authorities in many countries such as China, the USA, and Australia — further increasing the requirement for best blockchain skilled professionals.