ECB Starts Preparation Phase For Revolutionary Digital Euro Launch

ECB Starts Preparation Phase For Revolutionary Digital Euro Launch

The European Central Bank announces a decisive move towards introducing a digital euro. This initiative will enhance privacy, increase competition in the payment sector, and ensure financial stability.

Piero Cipollone, a top official at the European Central Bank (ECB), recently talked to a group of European lawmakers about getting ready to create a digital version of the euro. He mentioned four main challenges they need to tackle and assured that the ECB is working to ensure that everyone can use this new digital currency without having to pay for it.

Cipollone explained that the ECB is already looking for companies that can help build and support this new digital euro. He said it’s important to start looking for these companies now, before they officially decide to introduce the digital euro. 

This way, they won’t be behind schedule. He also mentioned that any agreements they make with these companies will be flexible, taking into account future laws and technology changes.

Moreover, he mentioned that only companies based in the EU, or those controlled by EU citizens, will be allowed to be part of this project.

Partners for the digital Euro

This could be a big moment for Amazon because it was picked to help design a sample online shopping feature for the digital euro, but now they are looking for more applicants for the project.

Piero Cipollone also talked about the rules for using the digital euro. He described it as a single set of guidelines and standards that will make sure the digital euro works smoothly everywhere. According to Cipollone, the digital euro should be as straightforward to use as cash. 

This would mean people wouldn’t have to rely on big international companies to make payments and everyone in the euro area would get the same level of service.

Cipollone likened the system supporting the digital euro to railway tracks. 

Just like tracks can be used by many different train companies but are owned by the government, the digital euro system would be open for various businesses to use while being controlled by the state.

There is no need to make the digital Euro a legal tender

On February 15, a group called the European Money and Financial Forum, which is independent and not-for-profit, released a study. This study pointed out some tricky legal problems that could come up if the digital euro is made a required form of payment. 

It was especially concerned about how this decision could affect companies that handle payments and are part of the euro payment system. The study also criticized the idea of making something a required form of payment, calling it an outdated concept.

To make sure the digital euro doesn’t upset the financial system, Piero Cipollone said they’re adding some safety measures to its design. For instance, the digital euro won’t earn interest, so it won’t compete with banks where people save their money. 

There will also be limits on how much digital euro individuals can hold, and businesses and financial institutions won’t be allowed to keep it. 

However, people will be able to connect their digital euro wallets to their bank accounts. This means they can make transactions directly without needing to move money into their wallets first.

Cipollone also mentioned privacy with the digital euro, promising that it would allow for very private online payments, more private than what’s currently available through commercial services.

Will cash still be in use after the release of the digital Euro?

Cash will still be available, and when you pay with the digital euro without using the internet, it will be just as private as using cash. 

Only the person giving the money and the person receiving it will know the details of the transaction. 

When paying online, the European Central Bank (ECB) will only get a very small amount of data that’s been disguised to protect identities. 

This data is only for necessary actions like completing the payment. 

Plus, users will have more control over their personal information than they do with private payment services. The digital euro will also have the best protection against online threats.

ECB’s timeline for the digital Euro

The European Central Bank (ECB) is taking careful steps towards introducing the digital euro, with the project currently in the research and development phase. 

In November 2023, the preparation phase was approved to start after the investigation phase was concluded. 

While specific dates for the full rollout are yet to be announced, the ECB has indicated a phased approach. 

Initial experiments and prototypes are being tested to ensure the digital euro meets high standards of security, efficiency, and accessibility. 

Following this, a pilot phase could be launched to test real-life applications, expected to take several years to complete. 

The final introduction of the digital euro to the public would only occur after successful trials and adjustments based on feedback.

 This cautious approach ensures that once launched, the digital euro will be ready for widespread use across the eurozone, providing a seamless and secure digital payment option for all citizens.

Ultimately, the final decision to introduce the digital Euro can only be taken after the entire EU adopts a legislative framework. 

Best Ethereum Wallet: Top Non-Custodial Wallets For You

Best Ethereum Wallet: Top Non-Custodial Wallets For You

What’s the best Ethereum wallet? Well, it depends on several factors, such as your specific needs, security preferences, and how you plan to use your Ethereum.

Whether you’re looking for the best Ethereum miner software to earn tokens, a simple way to manage your assets with an Ethereum paper wallet, or a robust online service for easy access and transactions, there’s an Ethereum wallet out there that fits your needs. 

Before choosing a wallet, let’s have a look at some of the most popular Ethereum wallets worldwide. 

What is an Ethereum wallet?

An Ethereum wallet is a digital tool that lets you interact with your Ethereum blockchain network. 

Think of it as an internet banking app, but for Ethereum. You can use it to check your balance, send and receive funds, and connect to applications. It’s essential for managing your Ethereum tokens and engaging with the vast world of decentralized applications (dApps) on the Ethereum blockchain.

To create an Ethereum wallet, you can download software from trusted sources or use an online platform that lets you generate a new wallet. The best Ethereum wallets offer a mix of security, user-friendliness, and features, such as offline capabilities for added security or integration with hardware wallets like Ledger for even more protection.

An Ethereum wallet is a crypto wallet that supports the Ethereum blockchain. It’s also a necessary step if you want to interact with the increasing number of dApps in the DeFi world. Having an Ethereum wallet will enable you to connect to decentralized exchanges, such as UniSwap, and trade crypto without having to interact with centralized exchanges. Most crypto investors prefer to hold their funds in a non-custodial wallet, which helps them preserve their anonymity. 

While there is no way to determine the actual number of Ethereum users, it is possible to verify the number of unique addresses on the Ethereum blockchain. 

These addresses stand as unique wallets, as each crypto wallet is associated with an address. Of course, one user could set up an infinite number of wallets. But an increasing number of wallets can also be associated with an increased number of users. 

As of February 2024, there are 258.08 million unique Ethereum addresses, and each is associated with a distinct Ethereum wallet. According to YCharts, this represents a 15.99% increase since last year. 

Source: Ethereum Cumulative Unique Addresses (I:ECUA)

Types of Ethereum wallets

Ethereum wallets can be categorized into several types, each offering different features and levels of security. Here’s a list of the types of Ethereum wallets available:

  1. Hardware wallets. Secure physical devices designed to store your cryptocurrency’s private keys offline. They are highly recommended for storing large amounts of Ethereum securely. Examples include Ledger and Trezor.
  2. Software wallets. These wallets are digital and can be further divided into three main types based on their platform:
    1. Desktop wallets. Applications you download and install on your computer. They offer a good balance between security and convenience, allowing full control over your assets.
    2. Mobile wallets. Apps for your smartphone, providing easy access and the ability to manage your Ethereum on the go. Ideal for everyday transactions.
    3. Web wallets. Accessible through internet browsers and can be hosted or non-hosted. While they offer convenience for transactions and trading, they may be less secure than other options due to the risk of online attacks.
  3. Paper wallets. Essentially a physical printout of your public and private keys. It’s a form of cold storage (offline) and is very secure against online hacking, but it requires careful handling to avoid loss or damage.

All these types of Ethereum wallets are commonly referred to as non-custodial wallets, as you’re the only one who has access to them. 

In contrast, custodial wallets are actually crypto accounts on centralized platforms, such as Binance or Coinbase. These present more risks, as the platform also has access to your funds and are more prone to hacking and potential losses. Since we are talking about Ethereum wallets, and not accounts, all the wallets presented in our selection are non-custodial wallets. 

Best Ethereum wallet


Type: Software Wallet (Browser and Mobile App)

MetaMask is a versatile digital wallet offering a user-friendly platform for managing digital assets, interacting with decentralized applications, and supporting a wide range of Ethereum and EVM-compatible blockchains. Ideal for both beginners and developers.

Coinbase Wallet

Type: Software Wallet (Web and Mobile App)

A self-custody wallet from the leading cryptocurrency exchange, Coinbase Wallet allows users to store a wide variety of cryptocurrencies and access Ethereum-based DeFi apps, emphasizing ease of use and security.


Type: Software Wallet (Mobile App)

ZenGo is a next-gen crypto wallet using MPC technology for enhanced security, eliminating traditional vulnerabilities like seed phrases. It’s user-friendly and supports a broad range of cryptocurrencies.


Type: Hardware Wallet

Trezor provides top-notch security by storing cryptocurrency offline. It supports a vast array of cryptocurrencies and offers a user-friendly interface for managing assets securely.


Type: Hardware Wallet

Ledger wallets are known for their robust security, supporting over 5,500 cryptocurrencies. They provide offline storage and a range of services through the Ledger Live software, suitable for a wide range of users.

How to choose the best Ethereum wallet for you?

Choosing the best Ethereum wallet depends on your priorities: security, convenience, or a balance of both. 

Here’s how to make the right choice:

  • Security. If safeguarding your assets is top priority, consider hardware wallets like Ledger or Trezor. They store your keys offline, away from online threats.
  • Convenience. If you frequently trade or use Ethereum for transactions, software wallets (web, mobile, or desktop) like MetaMask or Coinbase Wallet offer easy access and are user-friendly.
  • Functionality. Look for wallets that support the features you need, such as DeFi access, NFT storage, or integrated exchanges for easy trading.
  • Compatibility. Ensure the wallet supports Ethereum and any other cryptocurrencies you’re interested in.
  • Reputation and reliability. Choose wallets with a proven track record and positive user reviews. Research their security history and updates.
  • Ownership. Decide if you want full control over your keys (non-custodial) or if you’re comfortable entrusting them to a third party (custodial). The list provided above offers the best options for non-custodial wallets. 

By considering these factors and identifying what matters most to you—whether it’s impenetrable security, the convenience of quick transactions, or a specific set of features—you can select the Ethereum wallet that best fits your needs.

Crypto and AI Set for Major Energy Consumption Surge by 2026

Crypto and AI Set for Major Energy Consumption Surge by 2026

As the International Energy Agency (IEA) forecasts, AI’s energy consumption is poised for an explosive increase, overshadowing even the substantial growth in crypto’s energy use. Despite AI’s burgeoning demand, the spotlight remains on cryptocurrency for its significant energy footprint.

The global electricity market is going through major changes. 

This is mainly because the energy industry is at the forefront of reducing carbon emissions and adapting to new ways of using power. 

Two areas that are expected to change how much energy we use are cryptocurrency mining and artificial intelligence (AI). The International Energy Agency (IEA), a big organization made up of many countries, believes these changes will happen in the next few years.

According to the IEA’s report for 2024, which offers a forecast until 2026, there’s some good news about energy use. 

Right now, making electricity is the biggest reason for carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions worldwide. But, this sector is also leading the charge towards zero emissions. 

By 2025, renewable sources like wind and solar are expected to be the main way we generate power.

Energy use increased at a slower rate, going from 2.4% in 2022 to 2.2% in 2023. However, it’s predicted to jump to 3.4% by 2026. This increase will mainly come from countries like China and India.

At the same time, the amount of energy used by data centers, artificial intelligence, and cryptocurrency is expected to more than double during this period, going over 1,000 terawatt-hours (TWh). Notably, a third of all types of data centers are found in the United States.

According to the IAE rapport, electricity consumption is expected to rise up to 1,000 TWh by 2026.

Source: IAE

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is set to lead in energy consumption, with its usage predicted to increase by ten times from 2023 to 2026. For example, just ChatGPT is expected to use almost 10 terawatt-hours (TWh) each year during this period.

To put that in perspective, every time someone uses ChatGPT, it uses about ten times more energy than a single Google search.

Bitcoin energy consumption was measured to be about 120 TWh in 2023. 

This was part of the 130 TWh used for all cryptocurrency mining that year, which increased from 110 TWh in 2022. 

At that time, cryptocurrency mining made up 0.4% of the world’s total energy consumption. The International Energy Agency (IEA) forecasts that by 2026, cryptocurrency mining will consume 160 TWh.

Even though the situation with energy use is changing and cryptocurrency mining only uses a small part of the world’s energy, the report points out that crypto is still worrying:

The report notes that it’s hard to reduce electricity use because any energy saved might just be used up by other things that need a lot of power, like different types of cryptocurrencies besides Bitcoin, even though some are getting more efficient.

It’s said that Bitcoin mining uses 54.5% sustainable energy. There’s an increase in mining activity as the Bitcoin halving approaches, leading many miners to invest a lot in new equipment.

Source: IEA

To put things into perspective, let’s see what 1 TWH means in terms of normal consumption. 

One terawatt-hour has enough energy to supply electricity to 70,000 homes in the United States for a whole year. 

When comparing this to the energy use of entire countries, it means that the combined energy consumption of cryptocurrency and related users is expected to reach the same level as Japan’s consumption.

How can energy consumption be more efficient?

To make energy consumption more efficient, especially in data centers, several strategies and regulations are crucial. 

Regulatory and policy initiatives

  • Regulatory measures. The European Commission’s revised Energy Efficiency Directive imposes regulations on the European data center sector to enhance electricity demand management. Starting in 2024, data center operators are required to report their energy use and emissions. Large-scale data centers must also incorporate waste heat recovery applications, when feasible, and aim for climate neutrality by 2030.
  • Efficiency standards. An EU regulation effective since 2020 sets efficiency standards for data centers, helping to control their environmental impact. The Climate Neutral Data Centre Pact, a self-regulatory initiative, aims for climate neutrality in the sector by 2030.
  • U.S. energy policies. The Energy Act of 2020 in the United States mandates studies on energy and water use in data centers. It encourages the development of efficiency metrics and best practices. The Department of Energy (DOE) is also focusing on producing more efficient semiconductors, which can reduce cooling requirements.
  • Chinese regulations.  China requires data centers acquired by public organizations to improve energy efficiency and be fully powered by renewable energy by 2032, starting with a renewable energy share mandate of 5% in 2023.

Technological and operational innovations

  • Advanced cooling systems. Adopting high-efficiency cooling systems can significantly reduce electricity demand. Innovations like direct-to-chip water cooling and the use of specific low viscous fluids are promising.
  • Machine learning and AI. Utilizing machine learning, as Google did with its DeepMind AI, can optimize data center operations, significantly reducing electricity demand.
  • Quantum computing. In the long term, replacing supercomputers with quantum computers, which require less energy, could reduce overall electricity demand. However, efficient cooling systems are necessary due to their low operating temperatures.
  • Hyperscale data centers. Transitioning to Hyperscale Data Centers, which can handle large-scale operations without significantly increasing electricity consumption, is both sustainable and financially attractive.
  • Carbon-aware models. Software that allows for time and location shifting of electricity demand to regions with lower carbon intensity can significantly reduce emissions and operational costs.

By combining these approaches, data centers can significantly increase their share of carbon-free energy in total electricity consumption, as demonstrated in Google’s 2023 Environmental Report.

What Is A Crypto Hedge Fund? (Top Hedge Fund List)

What Is A Crypto Hedge Fund? (Top Hedge Fund List)

Crypto hedge funds have emerged as a pivotal player, offering a unique blend of traditional investment strategies and the thrilling potential of cryptocurrencies. 

The sector is rapidly expanding, attracting both seasoned traders and newcomers intrigued by the fusion of blockchain technology with hedge fund acumen. 

Let’s dive into the intriguing world of crypto hedge funds, exploring the top players, their strategies, and what it means to start a fund in this cutting-edge field.

What is a crypto hedge fund?

A crypto hedge fund is a specialized investment fund that specifically focuses on cryptocurrencies, similar to traditional hedge funds that invest in assets like stocks or bonds. 

These funds are managed by professionals who aim to increase their value through different investment strategies. 

These hedge funds invest in a variety of cryptocurrencies, not just the well-known ones like Bitcoin or Ethereum. They might also include other digital assets related to blockchain technology.

Don’t confuse a crypto hedge fund with a crypto ETF. The ETF is a type of investment fund traded on stock exchanges, much like stocks. It tracks the value of one or more digital tokens and offers a more passive investment approach. ETFs provide an easier entry point for the average investor, allowing exposure to cryptocurrencies without the complexities of direct trading or the higher minimum investment often required by hedge funds.

The hedge fund is managed by experts who understand the crypto market’s complexities. They use their knowledge to make informed decisions, aiming to grow the fund’s value.

Just like traditional hedge funds, these crypto funds use strategies to “hedge up” or protect against potential losses. This might involve diversifying investments or using advanced trading methods.

Some funds may specifically focus on investing in blockchain technology projects, not just cryptocurrencies.

Funds like 3AC and those associated with figures like Anthony Scaramucci have gained attention in the crypto hedge fund space.

These funds attract investors interested in crypto but who might not have the expertise or time to manage their own crypto investments.

Like any investment, there’s risk involved, and the regulatory landscape for crypto hedge funds is still evolving.

Crypto hedge funds list

There are many crypto hedge funds out there, some of which are well-known and have significant investments. You may come across lists showcasing the top or largest funds in this sector.

It’s important to note that the landscape is constantly evolving, and the size can be measured in various ways, such as assets under management, influence, or performance. Here’s a list to include:

The largest crypto hedge funds are:

  • Pantera Capital. One of the first U.S. Bitcoin funds, Pantera Capital has a strong focus on Bitcoin and other digital currencies, with a significant amount of assets under management.
  • Galaxy Digital Assets Fund. Founded by Michael Novogratz, this fund is known for its sizable investments and extensive involvement in the cryptocurrency space.
  • Polychain Capital. A leader in the field, Polychain Capital focuses on blockchain technology and has garnered significant investments from prominent venture capital firms.
  • Grayscale Investments. Known for its Bitcoin Investment Trust, Grayscale offers a range of digital currency investment products.
  • Bitwise Asset Management. Famous for creating the world’s first cryptocurrency index fund, Bitwise is a leader in crypto-based investment services.
  • BlockTower Capital. A well-known player in the crypto hedge fund market, BlockTower Capital employs a mix of professional investment practices and deep crypto knowledge.
  • Andreessen Horowitz (a16z) Crypto Fund. While more of a venture capital fund, a16z has a significant focus on crypto startups and blockchain technology investments.
  • Digital Currency Group. This company is not a traditional hedge fund but has significant investments in the cryptocurrency market and blockchain industry through various subsidiaries.

Crypto hedge fund that went bankrupt

Although Bitcoin was only invented in 2009, we have already witnessed the bankruptcy of several crypto hedge funds. 

The bankruptcy of a crypto hedge fund typically occurs when it fails to manage risks effectively, leading to significant financial losses. This could happen due to a variety of factors like poor investment choices, unexpected market downturns, regulatory issues, or operational mismanagement.

The downfall of a crypto hedge fund can have wide-reaching implications. 

For instance, it might result in substantial financial losses for investors, affect market confidence, and potentially lead to a stricter regulatory environment. 

The story of a bankrupt crypto hedge fund often serves as a cautionary tale in the world of cryptocurrency investments, highlighting the inherent risks and the need for careful, informed decision-making.

In the case of notable bankruptcies like Three Arrows Capital (3AC) or Alameda Research, these events have become significant moments in the history of cryptocurrency, often discussed and analyzed for insights and lessons learned.

Alameda Research 

Co-founded in September 2017 by Sam Bankman-Fried and Tara Mac Aulay, Alameda Research was much acclaimed for its trading, investments, and market-making in the cryptocurrency space.

In November 2022, following a series of financial challenges, Alameda Research, along with FTX and more than 130 affiliated entities, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. 

The company’s website was taken down, and Sam Bankman-Fried, the founder of Alameda Research, announced that the firm was winding down its trading operations and would close.

The entire scandal started with the collapse of the FTX exchange (once valued at $32 billion), also founded by Sam Bankman-Fried. His crypto empire collapsed in a matter of days, also exposing his associates, who eventually ended up condemned for fraud. 

What Is A Crypto Hedge Fund? (Top Hedge Fund List)
Former FTX CEO Sam Bankman-Fried

Three Arrows Capital (3AC)

Three Arrows Capital (3AC), a Singapore-based cryptocurrency hedge fund, was established in 2012 by Kyle Davies and Su Zhu. 

Initially, the company focused on arbitraging foreign exchange derivatives before shifting to cryptocurrencies in 2017. 

3AC grew rapidly, becoming one of the most prominent crypto hedge funds. It engaged in significant investments in various blockchain projects and claimed a net asset value of $18 billion. 

However, the fund faced challenges in 2022 due to the broad decline in cryptocurrencies, particularly its substantial investment in LUNA (on Terra blockchain created by the infamous Do Kwon), which collapsed to near zero.

In June 2022, the fund’s troubles intensified as it failed to meet its margin calls and repay loans, leading to a court-ordered liquidation in the British Virgin Islands. This failure had a ripple effect on the crypto market, contributing to the bankruptcy and difficulties of other crypto firms. 

The founders, Davies and Zhu, faced legal issues, with Zhu being arrested in Singapore for failing to cooperate with the liquidation process. Their last known venture was starting Open Exchange, a new crypto-related project in Hong Kong.

Crypto hedge fund companies

Crypto hedge fund companies are specialized investment firms that concentrate on cryptocurrencies and blockchain-related assets. These companies employ a range of investment strategies to generate returns from the highly volatile and rapidly evolving crypto market. 

Their approaches can vary widely, from conservative, long-term holdings of major cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum to more aggressive tactics like high-frequency trading or investing in initial coin offerings (ICOs) and emerging digital assets.

These firms are often characterized by their deep expertise in both finance and technology, enabling them to navigate the complex and often technically demanding landscape of cryptocurrency investments. They attract investors who are interested in gaining exposure to the crypto market but may lack the time or expertise to manage their investments directly.

However, you can always choose to do your own research before investing. 

Organizations like PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), a prominent global network of audit and consultancy firms, frequently release reports on the crypto hedge fund industry. These reports provide valuable insights into the trends, performances, and overall health of the sector. 

These insights are crucial for investors, fund managers, and other stakeholders in the crypto industry. They offer a comprehensive overview of the market, highlighting both opportunities and risks. Moreover, they serve as a barometer for the maturity and evolution of the crypto investment space, reflecting how traditional financial practices are adapting to the new digital asset class.

It’s also important to always research the company offering the hedge fund to avoid any future surprises. For instance, according to the 2023 PwC report, 12% of crypto hedge funds are considering relocating from the US to crypto-friendly jurisdictions. This might mean that potential investors should pay a closer look to the way existing regulations are applied by the hedge fund company. 

Notable crypto hedge fund companies

  1. Grayscale
  2. 500 Global
  3. Pantera Capital
  4. a16z Crypto (Andreessen Horowitz)
  5. CoinShares
  6. Galaxy Digital Capital Management
  7. Morgan Creek Digital
  8. Brevan Howard (BH Digital)
  9. Systematic Alpha
  10. 10T Holdings
  11. Bitwise Asset Management
  12. BlockTower Capital
  13. Off The Chain Capital
  14. Eaglebrook Advisors
  15. ODIN88 Asset Management

Starting a crypto hedge fund

Yes, you can start a crypto hedge fund. However, this is a complex process that requires thorough planning, legal compliance, and expertise in both finance and cryptocurrency markets. 

Here’s a simplified guide on how to start a crypto hedge fund:

  • Define the fund’s focus. Decide on the specific cryptocurrencies and strategies your fund will target. Consider whether you’ll focus on major cryptocurrencies, a mix of assets, or specific geographic regions.
  • Legal structuring. Choose an appropriate legal structure for your fund, like a limited partnership or LLC, and consider the tax implications. Popular jurisdictions for registering crypto funds include the Cayman Islands, the USA, and Singapore.
  • Obtain licenses & ensure compliance. Depending on your location, obtain the necessary licenses and ensure compliance with regulatory bodies like the SEC in the USA or the Monetary Authority in Singapore. Implement strict KYC and AML procedures.
  • Raising capital. Develop a marketing strategy to attract investors, focusing on both crypto-native VCs and traditional investors. Prepare a compelling pitch and transparent terms.
  • Investor relations & reporting. Maintain clear communication with investors, providing regular performance statements and transparency in operations.
  • Assemble a skilled team. Hire professionals with expertise in trading, compliance, legal matters, and technology. The team should include portfolio managers, compliance officers, and legal experts.
  • Develop an investment strategy. Outline your approach to asset selection and portfolio construction. Implement risk management strategies and choose reliable trading platforms for executing trades.
  • Infrastructure setup. Establish a robust trading and storage infrastructure, focusing on security to protect against theft and hacking. Implement risk management systems and analytics tools for performance tracking.
  • Operational management. Set up efficient back-office functions for accounting, reporting, and administration. Choose a reputable asset custody solution.
  • Performance evaluation. Regularly evaluate the fund’s performance against set KPIs and adjust strategies as necessary.

Is it wise to invest in a crypto hedge fund?

In essence, a crypto hedge fund operates much like a traditional hedge fund but focuses on the dynamic and emerging world of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology. 

It’s a way for investors to engage with the crypto market through a managed, potentially more strategic approach.

Investing in a crypto hedge fund can offer exposure to the dynamic and potentially lucrative world of cryptocurrencies, leveraging the expertise of professional fund managers. 

However, this investment carries significant risks due to the inherent volatility of the crypto market, the evolving regulatory landscape, and the technical complexities of digital assets. It’s crucial for potential investors to assess their risk tolerance, conduct thorough research, and consider the fund’s track record and management strategy before investing. 

As with any investment, diversifying and not investing more than one can afford to lose is key to mitigating risks. 

For a more detailed understanding and current insights, it’s advisable to consult financial experts and stay updated with the latest market trends.

Venezuela’s Doomed Petro Cryptocurrency: End of the Road on Jan. 15 After Six Turbulent Years

Venezuela’s Doomed Petro Cryptocurrency: End of the Road on Jan. 15 After Six Turbulent Years

Venezuela’s Petro cryptocurrency, set to cease operations on January 15 after six years. Launched as a countermeasure to U.S. sanctions, the Petro struggled with acceptance both domestically and internationally, ultimately failing amidst widespread scandal and operational challenges.

Venezuela’s Petro will stop working

Venezuela‘s government-made cryptocurrency, the Petro (oil-tied), will stop working on January 15, 2024. 

The Petro started in 2018 to help Venezuela avoid U.S. sanctions, but it wasn’t used much.

The government’s Petro website ( announced it’s closing, but that website isn’t working now. The Petro was only traded on a special part of the Venezuelan Patria website, which needs a password to get in.

The Petro was made because Venezuela’s regular money, the bolivar, lost a lot of value due to U.S. sanctions. Bitcoin was already popular in Venezuela when the Petro came out. President Nicolas Maduro wanted the Petro, but the parliament didn’t agree.

The Petro was fully working by 2020, but other countries didn’t use it, even though Maduro tried to promote it to the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America country members. 

It was also not widely used in Venezuela. We should also note that Pedro was never made legal tender, so many didn’t see it as official money. Venezuela’s biggest bank didn’t take it unless forced by a presidential order.

The National Superintendency of Crypto Assets oversees Pedro and its ties to drug trafficking 

In June 2020, U.S. authorities offered a $5 million reward for capturing Joselit Ramirez Camacho, who was in charge of the National Superintendency of Crypto Assets and, inherently, of the Petro. 

Camacho is accused of being involved in drug trafficking.

They say he’s closely connected to suspected drug lords, including former vice president Tareck El Aissami.

Ramirez’s bounty is the lowest among the people the U.S. is after in this case. The U.S. is offering $15 million for Maduro and $10 million for others, including El Aissami.

Ramirez Camacho was arrested in Venezuela in March 2023 for financial issues in the oil industry. The agency he led was closed for changes and won’t reopen until March 2024. This led to the shutdown of some cryptocurrency exchanges and mining in Venezuela.

The Petro was different from a central bank digital currency, which is a type of official digital money. Venezuela’s Central Bank talked about making one in 2021, but it never happened.

Venezuela’s CBDC

In October 2021, the Central Bank of Venezuela announced that it will introduce a digital version of its currency, the bolivar, and will also remove six zeros from it because of high inflation. 

This digital bolivar was to be used in the economy, and there will be a new 1-bolivar coin and banknotes from 5 to 100 bolivars.

The Central Bank also wanted to introduce a text message-based system for easy payments and transfers with this digital currency. They say this big change won’t affect the bolivar’s value; it’s just to make using the currency easier. The bank stated, “The bolivar’s value won’t change; we’re just simplifying it.”

President Nicolás Maduro first mentioned a digital bolivar in February 2021. He was promoting this project as part of modernizing and fixing the economy. 

Removing zeros from the bolivar, Venezuela’s actual legal tender is a common tactic of Maduro’s government. However, this doesn’t solve the issue of the economy. 

By 2020, the yearly inflation rate was about 2,300%.

However, economists criticized this plan and pointed out that just changing the currency’s look doesn’t fix the real problems causing its loss of value. 

Venezuela has been struggling with a long economic crisis, worsened by U.S. sanctions and very high inflation. Maduro’s solution to avoid these sanctions was to create digital currencies.

Bitcoin ETFs: A Beginner’s Guide to Crypto Exchange-Traded Funds

Bitcoin ETFs: A Beginner’s Guide to Crypto Exchange-Traded Funds

Bitcoin ETFs are the intersection where cryptocurrencies meet the structured universe of traditional investing. 

Bitcoin ETFs, or ‘exchange-traded funds’ that focus on Bitcoin, offer a unique way to participate in the exciting growth potential of cryptocurrencies without diving headfirst into the often complex crypto markets. 

These ‘crypto ETFs’ blend the familiarity of conventional stock trading with the adventurous spirit of digital currencies, providing a gateway for both seasoned investors and curious newcomers. 

As we explore this innovative investment vehicle, you’ll discover how it simplifies the process of adding digital assets to your portfolio, all while maintaining the ease and accessibility of traditional stock market trading. Let’s dive in and unravel the essentials of Bitcoin ETFs.

What are exchange-traded funds (ETFs)?

Imagine you want to invest in the stock market, but instead of picking individual stocks (like shares of Apple or Google), you decide to buy a little bit of lots of different stocks all at once. That’s essentially what an Exchange-Traded Fund (ETF) is.

An ETF is like a basket that contains a mix of various stocks, bonds, or other assets. When you buy a share of an ETF, you’re buying a small piece of all the things inside that basket. This mix can include all sorts of investments – from tech companies to government bonds. The beauty of ETFs is that with just one purchase, you can invest in a whole range of assets, which can reduce the risk compared to buying just one company’s stock.

What makes ETFs special is that they are traded on the stock exchange, just like regular stocks. This means you can buy and sell shares of an ETF throughout the day at different prices, just like you would with stocks of individual companies.

So, in a nutshell, ETFs offer a simple way to diversify your investments, spreading out your risk while still allowing you the flexibility to buy and sell as you would with traditional stocks.

Why is everyone talking about a spot Bitcoin ETFs?

The sudden importance of spot Bitcoin ETFs in the crypto world stems from their potential regulatory approval, a significant step forward in legitimizing Bitcoin as a mainstream investment. 

Unlike previous ETFs tied to Bitcoin futures, spot Bitcoin ETFs would be directly linked to the current price of Bitcoin, offering a more direct and potentially more accurate reflection of Bitcoin’s market value. This direct connection attracts investors looking for a more straightforward way to invest in Bitcoin through traditional financial structures.

The anticipation of these ETFs has been heightened by the involvement of major asset management firms like BlackRock, Fidelity, and VanEck, signalling strong institutional interest. 

The approval of spot Bitcoin ETFs by the SEC would not only increase Bitcoin’s accessibility to a broader range of investors but also potentially provide more stability and liquidity in the crypto market. 

This move is seen as a critical milestone for the cryptocurrency industry, as it represents a significant endorsement from regulatory authorities and could lead to increased adoption and integration of Bitcoin into the traditional financial system.

The benefits of Bitcoin ETFs

Bitcoin ETFs are an exciting option for those interested in the buzz of the cryptocurrency world but looking for something a bit more familiar and potentially less risky. Let’s break down why someone might lean towards a Bitcoin ETF instead of buying Bitcoin directly.

Familiarity and Ease of Trading

Investing in a Bitcoin ETF feels much like investing in any other stock. You don’t need to learn the ins and outs of cryptocurrency exchanges or how to securely store digital coins. It’s as straightforward as trading regular stocks, making it a comfortable option for many traditional investors.


Bitcoin ETFs often track not just the price of Bitcoin but can include other cryptocurrencies or related assets. This means you’re not putting all your eggs in one basket (Bitcoin) but spreading your risk across a range of assets. It’s like choosing a mixed fruit basket over just apples. This diversification can be a safer bet, especially in the volatile world of cryptocurrencies.

Regulatory oversight

ETFs are subject to regulatory oversight, which means there’s an added layer of security and transparency. When you buy Bitcoin directly, you’re stepping into a largely unregulated space, which can be riskier. With a Bitcoin ETF, you have the peace of mind that comes with regulated financial products.

Lower entry point

Investing in Bitcoin directly can be expensive, as you often have to buy whole units of the cryptocurrency. But with a Bitcoin ETF, you can invest with much smaller amounts, making it more accessible for the average investor.

No digital wallets are needed

Holding Bitcoin directly means dealing with digital wallets and the security concerns that come with them. 

With a Bitcoin ETF, you don’t have to worry about digital wallet security or remembering complex passwords. Your investment is as safe as any other stock in your portfolio.

Top Bitcoin ETFs to invest in

When it comes to dipping your toes into the world of Bitcoin through ETFs, there are several key players you might want to consider. Here’s a list of some of the top Bitcoin ETFs, each offering a unique crypto-investing approach.

ProShares Bitcoin ETF

ProShares is a big name in the ETF world, and their Bitcoin ETF is a popular choice. It’s known for its reliability and is a go-to option for many investors looking to get involved in Bitcoin through a more traditional investment vehicle.

Grayscale Bitcoin Trust

While not a traditional ETF, Grayscale’s Bitcoin Trust is another major player. It offers exposure to Bitcoin’s price movements without the need to directly buy and store the cryptocurrency.

Valkyrie Bitcoin Strategy ETF

This ETF is relatively new but has quickly gained attention. It focuses on Bitcoin futures contracts, offering a different angle on Bitcoin investment.

VanEck Bitcoin Trust

VanEck is known for its innovative investment products, and its Bitcoin Trust is no exception. It aims to reflect the performance of Bitcoin, offering investors direct exposure to the cryptocurrency’s price changes.

Bitwise 10 Crypto Index Fund

For those who want broader exposure, the Bitwise 10 Crypto Index Fund covers the top 10 cryptocurrencies by market cap, not just Bitcoin. It’s a good option if you’re looking to diversify within the crypto space.

Each of these options has its unique features and approaches to Bitcoin investment. Whether you’re looking for something straightforward like the ProShares Bitcoin ETF or something more diverse like the Bitwise 10 Crypto Index Fund, there’s likely an ETF that fits your investment style and risk tolerance.

Remember, investing in Bitcoin, whether directly or through ETFs, carries risk. It’s always wise to do your own research and consider seeking advice from a financial advisor to find the best fit for your investment goals.

How to trade Bitcoin ETFs

Trading Bitcoin ETFs is like playing a video game where you need to know a few key moves. Let’s make sense of terms like ‘bitcoin tracking’ and ‘bitcoin exchange-traded note,’ and also explain how different platforms work for trading these crypto ETFs.

Bitcoin Tracking

 Imagine Bitcoin’s price is like a rollercoaster at an amusement park. ‘Bitcoin tracking’ is like having a model of that rollercoaster in your backyard. The ETF follows the ups and downs of Bitcoin’s price, just like your model coaster follows the same path as the real one.

Understanding Bitcoin Exchange Traded Notes (ETNs)

Think of ETNs as a promise note from your school friend. They promise to pay you back your lunch money with a little extra. In the financial world, an ETN is a promise by a company to pay you based on Bitcoin’s price performance. 

But remember, if your friend moves away, you might not get your money back. Similarly, if the company behind the ETN has problems, your investment could be at risk.

Trading platforms for Bitcoin ETFs

Now, let’s talk about where you can trade these ETFs. You’ve got two main options: brokerage platforms and crypto exchange platforms.

  • Brokerage platforms: These are like your regular supermarkets where you can buy all sorts of things (stocks, bonds, ETFs). Trading Bitcoin ETFs here is like buying cereal from a supermarket. You use the same cart (platform) you use for other shopping. These platforms are user-friendly and regulated, offering a familiar environment for regular stock traders.
  • Crypto Exchange. These are specialized stores, like a shop that only sells video games. They mainly deal with cryptocurrencies. While you can’t directly buy Bitcoin ETFs here, these platforms are where the action happens for Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. They offer more crypto-specific features and can be a bit more complex to use.

The main difference between these platforms is what you can buy on them. Brokerage platforms offer a variety of investment products, including Bitcoin ETFs, while crypto exchanges focus on cryptocurrencies. 

Also, brokerages are often seen as more beginner-friendly and regulated, while crypto exchanges offer more in-depth features for crypto trading.

Crypto vs crypto ETFs: comparing investment options

Let’s talk about the difference between buying cryptocurrencies directly and investing in crypto ETFs, and how these stack up against other investment options like mutual funds.

1. Direct crypto investment

Imagine buying cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ethereum directly is like owning a specific type of exotic fruit. You have full control over it; you can eat it, save it, or sell it. However, you need to know where to buy it, how to store it safely and be ready for its price to jump up and down wildly.

2. Crypto ETFs

Now, investing in a crypto ETF is like buying a fruit basket that includes a bit of this exotic fruit along with other types. You don’t own the fruit directly, but you own a share of the basket. It’s simpler and safer in some ways because you’re not responsible for taking care of the individual fruits, and you also get a variety, which can balance out the risk.

3. Crypto ETFs vs traditional mutual funds

Traditional mutual funds are like a pre-packed lunch – you know what you’re getting, and it’s usually a well-balanced meal.

Mutual funds pool money from many investors to invest in stocks, bonds, or other assets and are managed by professionals. They’re not as volatile as cryptocurrencies but may offer lower returns.

4. Platforms for trading

The difference in platforms is like shopping at different types of stores. 

Crypto exchanges are like speciality stores where you buy and manage individual types of fruit (cryptocurrencies). Some of the most popular centralized exchanges (CEXs) are Binance, KuCoin, WhiteBit, Kraken and Coinbase.

In contrast, brokerage platforms where you trade ETFs are like big supermarkets where you can buy fruit baskets (ETFs), along with other groceries (stocks, bonds).

As you see, there is more than one way to invest in crypto. Investing directly in cryptocurrencies is for those who want full control and are comfortable with high risk and volatility. 

Crypto ETFs, on the other hand, offer a simpler, more diversified way to get into the crypto market, much like traditional mutual funds, but with a focus on digital assets. 

And where you shop (trade) depends on whether you want to manage individual assets or prefer a more diverse, managed portfolio.